Glossary

HAZARDOUS GOODS (ADR):

ADR is the European agreement for international transport of hazardous goods by road.
The structure of the ADR is in line with UNO´s recommendations regarding the transport of hazardous goods, in order to harmonise with other international agreements, such as the IMDG (International Marine Dangerous Goods code), technical instructions of IATA (International Air Transport Association) for the transport of dangerous goods by air, the RID (Regulations for International Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail) and the AND (European agreement for transport of dangerous goods by inland water ways).

TEMPORARY CUSTOMS DEPOSIT (ADT):

a storage area controlled by the Customs Authorities where goods can be held awaiting their next destination up to a maximum of 90 days.

BILL OF LADING:

A legal document between the shipper of a particular good and the carrier detailing the type, quantity and destination of the good being carried. This document also defines the terms on which the agreement is based, as well as the property of the transported goods. In some cases, this document is required by official authorities for control purposes.

BILL OF LADING CMR:

By means of the CMR, two specific elements are confirmed:

- The carrier (the company that transports the goods) has received the goods.

- There is a transport contract between the owner of the goods and the carrier.

A CMR is not a deed nor a declaration, although in some countries it is considered as such.

CONSOLIDATION:

activity of grouping numerous loads of one or various consignees, in order to ship all loads under one and the same transport document.

CROSSDOCKING:

a distribution system where the goods are received in a staging area.
The goods are not stored in the warehouse: they are prepared for immediate onward shipping.
The basic model of cross docking is the essential element of a consolidation process of products and deconsolidation of multiple orders.

BONDED WAREHOUSE (DA):

a storage area controlled by Customs Authorities and which allows for handling of the goods for import and export under optimum conditions.
The bonded warehouse can also provide a number of benefits, such as exemption from import VAT and duties, among other things.

PUBLIC CUSTOMS WAREHOUSE (DAP):

a storage area where goods can be held for an unlimited period of time until the moment of customs clearance.

VAT WAREHOUSE (DDA):

a fiscal warehouse which allows purchase of goods from importers or distributors without having to pay VAT while the goods are at the DDA.

DECONSOLIDATION:

activity of ungrouping shipments which are transported under one and the same transport document or equivalent, and which are destined for multiple consignees.

FTL - FULL TRUCKLOAD:

the type of load necessary to fill a semi trailer or intermodal container completely. In this modality, the load is never handled when in transit.

INTERMODAL:

the connection between different transport modes using one single load mechanism (usually containers).
The sub categories of road freight (truck and rail) and the sub categories of transport over water (sea freight and transport by inland water ways), are considered different transport modes.

LAME:

a private storage area from which an export declaration can be created without the need to have the goods physically within the port area.
The export goods need to be available in the LAME area authorised by the Customs Authorities, and remain in that area under Customs´ control until the export is authorised.

LAST MILE:

“last mile” is the name of the process for delivery of an order from an on-line shop to the final customer.
This particular part of the process, which starts when the parcel leaves the last point of distribution (warehouse, shop, distribution centre) and finalises when the parcel reaches its delivery location, is the last step of the whole distribution chain and the most essential one.

LTL - LESS-THAN-TRUCKLOAD:

this type of load is relatively small.
Alternatives for LTL transport companies are parcel services or transport companies for full load services,

AUTHORISED ECONOMIC OPERATOR (AEO):

is a European certification for compliance with specific measures related to security and good practices in the international supply chain of goods.
The economic operators who meet the standard for obtaining the AEO status are considered trustworthy partners in the supply chain.
There are two types of certifications:


- Simplifications established in the Customs´ regulations (AEOC)
- Customs´ controls regarding protection and security (AEOS)

SANDACH:

acronym for “animal sub products not destined to human consumption”
This term is usually used to refer to animal bodies or parts thereof, products of animal origin or other products derived from animals, and which are not fit for human consumption, either because of sanitary reasons or because of the decision by the operator.
These sub products are usually generated during primary production processes, in the production industry of food with animal origin, and in the wholesale and retail food establishments.
Specific examples of sub products of primary production process are animal bodies from animal farms and fish farms, and remainders and parts of intestines in the meat industry and abattoirs.
In primary production processes as well as in food processing establishments, dairy products and overdue products are considered as SANDACH.
These are products which aretaken out of the sales process for various reasons, e.g. non conformities of the packaging and overdue consumption date. Also oocytes, embryos and sperm are considered.

SOIVRE:

official service for inspection, surveillance and regulation of exports.
This is a certificate issued by the Ministry of Economy, for control and inspection of a series of food products.
This certificate is required for clearance as a guarantee of compliance with quality standards, comercial specifications as well as with specifications regarding packing and packaging.

TARIC:

defines the dispositions for duties and for commercial policies according to the country of origin.
These dispositions include:
- Complementary CEE subdivisiones, known as “sub sections TARIC”, necessary for the designation of goods subject to special CEE measures.
- The percentage of customs´s tariff as well as other applicable duties.
- Any other type of information necessary for the application or management of CEE measures.

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